In pursuance of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 and Article 243K of the Constitution of India, Arunachal Pradesh State Election Commission has been set up vide Notification dated the 30th April, 2001, and it came into being with the appointment of its first State Election Commissioner Shri J. M. Tangu, IAS (Retd.) on 16th September 2002.
Arunachal Pradesh is a tribal State and people manage their day -to- day affairs at village and community levels through the traditional village institutions by evolving their own codes and customary laws. The concept of Panchayati Raj is deep rooted in tribal communities of the State.
In early 1964, a Four- member Committee was setup under the Chairmanship of Late Daying Ering to study the system under which authority was exercised by different Tribal Institutions in Arunachal Pradesh (the then NEFA) and make its recommendations for adoption of Panchayati Raj System through legislation. The Committee recommended for establishment of a three-tier Panchayati Raj Institutions viz. Gram Panchayats, Anchal Samities and Zilla Parishads. On acceptance of recommendations the President of India promulgated the NEFA Panchayat Raj Regulation, 1967 w.e.f 2nd October, 1968 making provision for constitution of 3-tier Panchayati Raj institutions. During last 3 decades of existence of Panchayati Raj institutions elections were held regularly till 1992. Panchayati Raj Institutions established under the provisions of NEFA Panchayati Raj Regulation 1967 were dissolved from 14th September 1997.